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(Automatic translation)

Roads, European and Spanish transports in the context of the fifties (I)

Tariq Bermejo Freire
Ingeniero de Caminos, Canales y Puertos

ABSTRACT

The decade of the fifties is a stage of great development in transport, as a consequence of the generalization of the use of large heavy vehicles, combining low costs and accessibility. The trucks begin to be a real competition to the railroad, which lose share, considering the first closures of unprofitable lines.

In Europe the reconstruction of the road network begins, again using the idea of ​​the 1930s to build motorways, highlighting Germany and Italy, which continued with this road policy whose fruitful results began to be seen at the end of the decade and in the sixties.

The Spanish roads began to show signs of improvement after the approval of the Modernization Plan, with adjustments to certain itineraries and works in the accesses to the main cities. With the increase in traffic, the need for a new plan became apparent, forcing the Government in general, and the Minister of Public Works in particular, to act indelibly to solve the problem.

In the same way, the motorization arrives in Spain, with the emergence of numerous companies that began to satisfy the wishes of users and needs of the country.

KEYWORDS:

Reconstruction, Motorization, Modernisation Plan, Transit, Network of roads, History, Transport.

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