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(Automatic translation)

Road design measures and strategies for the prevention and suppression of forest fires

Ana María RODRÍGUEZ ALLOZA
Department of Civil Engineering: Construction, Infrastructure and Transporte. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería Civil (ETSIC)
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM) (28014 Madrid)

Juan GALLEGO MEDINA y Rosa ARCE RUIZ
Departamento de Ingeniería Civil: Transporte y Territorio
Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Caminos, Canales y Puertos (ETSICCP) Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM)

ABSTRACT

This article presents a study based on a survey of twenty forest fire experts in Spain, the objective of which is to identify the main problems and possible measures that could be taken with regard to road design in order to contribute to the prevention and suppression of forest fires.

The questions dealt with themes such as the maneuverability of specialized extinguishing equipment, the maintenance of areas adjacent to roadways, preventative forestry measures, fire-resistant vegetative species that could be planted adjacent to roads, smoke detectors and environmental education. They were also asked if roads themselves could act as firebreaks, as anchor points for a backfire, or as heliports, and about the relationship between roadways and water points in forested areas for supplying and managing water reserves.

This article, by means of a survey of experts, has served to detect critical elements of forest fires in which roads play an important role. It also paves the way for future research into the design and exploitation of roadways in forested areas to prevent fires and facilitate their suppression.

KEYWORDS

Environment, Forest fire, Design, Prevention, Suppression.

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