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(Automatic translation)

Causes and variability of traffic accidents in urban roads

Ángel VEGA-ZAMANILLO
Professor of Roads and Airports
Department of Transport and Technology Projects and Processes
University of Cantabria

Miguel Ángel CALZADA-PÉREZ
Professor of Roads and Airports
Department of Transport and Technology Projects and Processes
University of Cantabria

Miriam Lopez ALBAJARA
Roads Research Laboratory
Department of Transport and Technology Projects and Processes
University of Cantabria

Gonzalo ANTOLÍN SAN MARTIN
Roads Research Laboratory
Department of Transport and Technology Projects and Processes
University of Cantabria

ABSTRACT

The number of traffic accidents occur each year on the roads, forcing analyze the factors that cause them. There are several factors that may be the reason for an accident: the human factor, either individual drivers, pedestrians and passengers; vehicles, and infrastructure. These factors may appear individually or interacting with each other; but the importance of each is different, being the cause of human highest percentage of accidents, mainly due to driver distraction, as stated in the statistics published by the traffic authorities.

In this work, traffic accidents occurred in the city of Santander in 2010, depending on the reasons that cause them, and their variation in summer and winter are studied. At the end a series of actions on road infrastructures, drivers and the urban circulation are recommended to improve road safety.

KEYWORDS

Accident, Traffic, Road safety, Driver, Urban Road, Human factor, Vehicle, Collision, via output.

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