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(Automatic translation)

Energy sustainability in road transport. national and European policies

Juan Francisco Larrazabal Roche
Department of Transportation.

Juan Luis Plá de la Rosa
Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy (IDAE)

ABSTRACT
Road transport is essential to ensure adequate social and economic development in our country, and for achieving greater territorial cohesion. However, energy consumption represents about 30% of total final energy consumption in Spain, made worse by their total practice dependence on petroleum (98,5%), with the consequent negative impact in terms of energy dependence on foreign and greenhouse gas emissions and greenhouse gases.

This article develops showing first a brief introduction to energy and environmental impact of the transport sector and more particularly road transport. Then the main existing policies are provided in the EU aimed at achieving a more sustainable transport, moving to finally see the strategic lines of action arising from these policies and defined in the scope of the EU and in Spain, where the Strategy Energy Saving and Efficiency in Spain 2004-2012 (E4) represents the main framework for action, through the definition and implementation of a series of measures in their action plans.

KEYWORDS:
Energy sustainability, Road transport, oil derivative, pollutant emission, Environment

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