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(Automatic translation)

CO2 capture caused by the use of fossil fuels

Vicente J. Cortes Galeano
Superior Engineering School
Sevilla University
Energy City Foundation (CIUDEN)

Benito NAVARRETE RUBIA
Superior Engineering School
Sevilla University
Energy City Foundation (CIUDEN)

ABSTRACT
The availability of sources of diversified, safe, affordable and environmentally acceptable energy is essential for sustainable development. Perhaps the most important challenge facing the international community today is to get to respond to the growing energy demand while facing and effectively to the risks of global climate change form.

The actions that can be implemented to reduce emissions of CO2 and thus mitigate the effects of climate change are manifold. Of all these, the capture and storage of carbon dioxide (CCS) can play a crucial role. The contribution of CCS, in a scenario of stabilizing emissions could reach the 20% of the necessary reduction. For this application contemplated in intensive production facilities such as thermal power plants, mainly coal although not exclusively, combustion processes in industry and in the refining and natural gas processing. The application to the transport sector today is unworkable, given the extraordinary number of emission sources, their great dispersal and the low emission levels from each of those sources.

This article will review the different technologies existing catch and developing its current state and prospects for application to the different industrial sectors that require them, as well as economic conditions and development schemes necessary for its implementation.

Keywords:
Carbon dioxide CO2, CO capture and storage2 (CAC), Emission, Greenhouse Gas (GHG), Fossil Fuel, Climate Change.

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