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(Automatic translation)

Urban concentration: towards a new culture of mobility

Luis Angel GUZMAN GARCIA
PhD student University of Madrid
Transportation Research Center - TRANSyT-UPM

Daniel DE LA HOZ SÁNCHEZ
Research Professor University of Madrid
Transportation Research Center - TRANSyT-UPM

ABSTRACT
Urban morphologies are suffering in recent decades significant changes. Basically monocentric structures are being replaced by policentristas forms under a process of extensive suburbanization. These polycentric structures better explain as the new mobility patterns that exist in cities. In general, this process of increasing dispersion has led in many cities to increased mobility in terms of the average distances traveled.

The aim of this paper is to analyze the evolution of the Madrid region has experienced in recent years, focusing attention on spatial changes in its mobility flows associated with the phenomenon of urban sprawl to display the direction it is taking the region as for transport-territory structure. The analysis was performed both from a global point of view, and from a perspective segregated by corridors, to visualize the potential developmental differences of the different territorial sub-regions.

Keywords:
Mobility, City, Madrid, Territory, Sustainable mobility, Urban structure, Territorial balance, Polycentrism, urban sprawl.

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