Conclusions XVII National Symposium Way and Works of Local Administration (Vyodeal)

Seville, March 28 2003.- me begin with three acknowledgments: First Technical Committee composed of about 15 people and we have had half a dozen meetings to define the congress. Good professional scientific judgment and ability to access a good set of professionals have been key to defining the content of the Symposium and to attract excellent speakers with whom we have had.

So I think that to a large extent, the relevance of the findings of this XVII Vyodeal have been the selection of the theme and that as I said has been made possible by the work of people who have made the Committee.

Second to own Spanish Road Association and the Provincial Council of Seville because we had total freedom to design the Symposium and because it put at our disposal the necessary means to attract relevant speakers on topics considered relevant.

Third coordinators of each of the sessions because you have facilitated the definition of the conclusions of each session.

SESSION I
The first session of the XVII National Symposium Way and Works of Local Administration set about establishing the conceptual foundations of local development (or endogenous development) and the role of roads in this development.

At that meeting it became clear the relevance and convenience, globalization time, performing a response from the perspective of the local and endogenous development, enhancing and highlighting the specificities of each territory and community.

Endogenous development is based in the territory and its resources. Natural, human, cultural, institutional and infrastructural resources and knowledge. Is the use of the development potential of each location in the most efficient way.

Not enough to have and making effective use of local resources. It is necessary for long-term use to allow the operation of increasing work performance.

To do this, there are four processes that allow economic growth to be sustainable. They are: The flexible organization of the production system, the diffusion of innovation and knowledge, the flexibility of institutions and urban development and infrastructure.

Local development policies precisely affect the proper functioning of these processes. Therefore, urban development and infrastructure, including those affecting small and medium towns are a strategic framework for the operation of increasing returns factor and, therefore, for economic and social development of the territory.

Allow me to refer to the endogenous potential of Andalusia who foresee a bright future. Yesterday and before yesterday in the Esparragal and in Villa Luisa we have lived in two close some of the culture of this land now and we have experienced, at least to me it seemed, the immense endogenous potential of this culture and this land . I do not doubt that soon we will see this land more advanced than those now occupying positions of development.

The session also highlighted the significance of the specific territory of small towns standing out in the whole of Spain the 40% of the road network is a local network and that the network is the capillary network that reaches throughout the territory, the 60% of the population centers on provincial or municipal roads being.

The theme of accessibility and communications for local development was raised from the perspective of overcoming the vision of the road as the ultimate goal, indicating that a good network of local roads is not enough for development, it is necessary to evolve towards two service concepts:

- Physical accessibility, according to the characteristics of the specific people who inhabit a territory.
- The new accessibility to information through teleinformation procedures.

It was emphasized that both accessibilities, are key instruments for endogenous development and stressed that it should aim to become universal and sustainable.

It was concluded that it is essential to realize the objectives of accessibility on the specificities of the different types of territory and population (especially the aged), and that these accessibilities in places less populated and developed with similar characteristics to those in most places urban.

Finally, it highlighted the similarity between the approaches of endogenous development and sustainable development on the basis of integrating society, economy and nature and think globally and act locally.

the role of 21 Agendas local underlined, as a tool for decision making in the municipalities considering economic vitality, social integration and respect for the environment, through the development of an environmental audit with citizen participation, taking into account as ultimate goal of sustainability.

In this forum 21 Agenda is where out is to bring the formulation of public land policies and control activities, public and private, taking into account the human, environmental, social and economic factors, gradually tend to cohere the territory.

Politicians and technicians of the Local Administration, each under its responsibility, should be an active part of these forums from which new funding channels and new forms of expression for roads loom, weaving together the territorial reality in confluence with the broad spectrum environmental factors.

The greatest technical demands that 21 Agenda will ask our local roads were implemented in improved safety, reduced noise levels and pollution, a reduction in the occupation of land and improved environmental integration.

SESSION II
In the second session, dedicated to the jurisdiction, the legal framework and funding of local roads, draws attention that the powers of the Provincial Councils highways under a plurality of CCAA pluriprovinciales (uniprovinciales, island , etc.) are not precisely defined.

Emphasis is placed on the need to deepen the criteria to rationalize the types of roads that depend on each institution (CCAA, Provincial and Municipal), the need for specific technical regulations for this type of roads and the need to deepen the rules of procedure for the design, construction and maintenance of these roads that have been built up road laws of the CCAA

Finally, all the political representatives, draw attention to the need to double the funding of councils for local roads if desired there is an ongoing program of proper maintenance of the network and can establish accessibility in rural areas similar to those in urban areas.

Regarding the financing of these roads it was found that the problem can not focus exclusively from traffic density and the vast majority of these pathways are the only ones that connect with each other or with the main roads many small cores population.

To focus the funding of such a network, the following criteria are suggested:

1.- The provincial network should be considered a social good that fulfills two functions:
a) Canal through which access to basic services: education, health, social services etc.
b) instrument to prevent depopulation of large areas.

2.- must have consideration of supramunicipal local service

3.- investment caps that have both the ERDF and the MAP should be removed.

4.- should create a fund of inter-county cooperation within each region between each region and the relevant Councils.

Participation 5.- taxes generated by transport in Spain.

It should also be able to access a specific way clear funds (European, national, etc.) that are directed to regional development, sustainable development and protection of cultural and natural heritage.

Outside the Second Session in the last session, the criteria for the conduct of a provincial road catalog, its application in the province of Sevilla (Document Vyodeal 17) were represented. different types of classification of the road network (primary and secondary, primary and complementary urban areas and suburbs and the rest of the territory etc.) were presented

And a certain contradiction between the need for classification for administration by the various administrations is found against its use by users who do not understand who is responsible for each road.

SESSION III
In the third session on the role of local roads in regional planning, it has drawn the attention of this relationship from two perspectives: the first from its role in the global system accessibility; and the second from its role in the structure of the planning.

It is proposed that the local road must be inserted into the territorial whole community and assists in achieving the objectives of the global network of roads that can be summarized in two:

1.- that is integrated into the overall design of the network, including high-capacity backbone and the territory of the State.

2.- which arises as a strategy to keep people in the territory, enabling the vast majority of the inhabitants of each region are at a certain time of a route of great capacity.

the desirability of a "homogeneous" vision of global road network in front of a road hierarchy at the same time would have its territorial counterpart is transmitted.

Addresses, and practical experience of integrating local networks in high capacity roads, construction of a highway, conceived on a territorial dimension to the extent that, in addition to the highway, reforming a set of local roads simultaneously, only with 10% over budget.

This strategy conceive and jointly fund the entire network, not the general on the one hand and local on the other, is seen as a way of solution for local roads, although need for consultation between administrations.

Secondly the role of the local network in the plans spatial planning is identified as the contents in the laws and plans OT of each region and indicates that the communications system, along with the network of settlements and the network natural areas, form the basic structure of the territory.

It was concluded that the objectives of the local network in the whole territorial plan should be:

- Support relations and close connections, forced mobility.
- Support intercity public transport.
- Place Value to strategic locations.
- Support of induced mobility.

With regard to public transport, accessibility and mobility in sparsely populated areas, strategies and techniques contemplated public transport as a factor of regional integration linked to local road infrastructure they are proposed.

It is argued that the proposals should be found in the launch of a powerful information system to introduce significant improvements in both demand management (quantitative and especially dispersed very unique demand) and the exploitation of the offer with the possibility of information and real-time reaction and depending on the status of the network and service applicants.

The emphasis is on the need to reorganize transport in sparsely populated areas basing it on a minimum bid in an additional offer important prior demand and coordination of the various public transport.

Finally the relevance of a new road and heritage culture with another way of looking at the road and read the territory is introduced. The road across its path understood as heritage that makes it a unique work. It is argued that between the requirements of speed and security on the one hand, and place landscape and on the other there is an irreducible opposition but a dialectic in which it is always possible a conciliatory thesis seemingly opposite ends.

It also presents an integrated vision of Engineer Roads and Works, which goes beyond its strictly technical role and assume the role of "manager of the interests and hopes of the rural world from a position of impartiality ... facing the bet to enhance it and defend it. "

Finally it draws attention to the working conditions and professional responsibility of engineers at the service of local government, advocating that their professionalism is emphasized.

SESSION IV
In the session dedicated to the presentation of county development experiences convenience to choose, by citizens, planners and public officials, including the conservation strategy, strengthening and modernization of the identity of the territories arises, and its resources local, compared with a guided strategy objectives set from outside. This is not a preservationist attitude towards other developmental terms in differences about how, when and for whom development occurs.

Moreover, it is suggested that planning, design and construction of roads should be made with bonds of intense dialogue with other sectoral, special, social or economic policies in a slow and complex process of public participation.

The presentation on mapping put the emphasis on the identity of the territory, disclosed by the cartographic recognition and drew attention to the need for this instrument if desired program development from the specific characteristics of each territory. Mapping reveals tenures and changes and, therefore, is a must to decide on the future instrument.

Cases of La Jacetania and Hurd show that the local network is essential for the operation of much of the rural areas and are presented as two regions where the construction of local roads have been the instrument of diffusion of accessibility multinucleated territories to numerous small villages, allowing access to equipment and services that prevent depopulation and the outbreak linked to basic resources economic activities. the role of accessibility as an engine for development and open to the future window is highlighted.

Finally put on the table the irrational character of mobility patterns and land use in coastal regions: the high intensity flows in capillary roads by intensive farmers and the access of urbanites to the beaches, the urbanization process roads around nullifying its intended offer such traffic through and the "empty" of major roads outside peak hours on weekends. spasmodic phenomena that have nothing to do with local development but with the destruction of the comfort of the citizens who live and involve significant diseconomies if the accounts are done well.

The session ends with a discussion of the issues raised in the last paper leaving a well established side the double direction of the effects of roads that spread accessibility for territory: first, make life possible in them by opening them to progress and second, to encourage processes of suburbanization in the rural territory parallel deteriorating natural values ​​and leaving raised the possibility that external users to the area and using local roads in a concentrated way in time to participate significantly in its financing,

SESSION V (TECHNICAL VISIT)
Railcar - Environmental
Road repair

SESSION VI
The sixth session devoted to the technical aspects of design, construction and maintenance of local roads can point the following conclusions:

- First, in the near future, local roads will increasingly have to meet the need, for reasons of leisure, rural tourism and transport, to establish and manage cycling routes. In this sense, it is convenient to articulate a comprehensive policy related to these roads, which includes the definition of a coherent network of bicycle lanes and the establishment of technical criteria for its design, construction and operation, with special attention to the aspects of construction and conservation of firm, and safety of circulation.
- Second firm that recycling is a technique for increasing implementation in Spain, being of special interest to the way low traffic intensity recycling cold spot, with cement or emulsion. The advantages of environmental, transport reduction materials, and technical and economic make this technology special interest in these roads. This recycling technique requires a careful evaluation of existing firm, the proper definition of the addition to be deployed and the percentage of employment and choice of proper implementation aspects widely discussed in this Symposium.

Performance-site recycling cold (about one km / day / lane), its favorable economic comparison with the superimposition of a new firm (total execution price of the order of 20% - 30% lower) and existence in Spain of a large and growing number of recycling equipment, it should lead to an important development of this technique in the way low traffic intensity.

- Third, the proper selection of binders for building firm is an issue of fundamental importance for durability. In the Symposium has been treated extensively criteria to be taken into account in the selection of emulsions, depending on the type of application, aggregate used, marking and climatology, having completely rejected the idea of ​​a formulation - type of universal employment.

SESSION VII and VIII
The seventh working session "The local road in Europe" pursues the dual aim of enriching the work of Congress and perspectives brought from beyond our borders and to share with us "good practice" approaches. The eighth and final working session VYODEAL presented several documents.

From a community perspective, the Structural Funds of the European Union recognize the necessary contribution of regional and local economic and social cohesion of the Union roads. Thus, during the 2000-2006 period, it is expected that an 9% of the total budget for transport will stop regional and local networks.

However, it also should be noted that the lack of conceptual inclusion of these networks in the current framework of the "Trans-European Transport" (TEN-T) limits its full recognition as guarantors infrastructure from the current level of economic and social development in Europe.

"The European context of local roads" (Document VYODEAL 18) was presented, which will certainly be interesting as a reference document. It highlights that it is difficult to homogenize and there is a significant lack of information (compared to the abundance on the main network): for example, only found information on the management of these roads in 27% of the countries studied .

Country situation: the 51% of countries have 3 levels of roads, 30 2% levels (state and municipal), the 14 4% levels, and 5 1% level. The paper presents interesting conclusions about lengths, investment and security.

The Danish experience on safety are part of a strategy designed by the Road Safety Commission Danish integrating all parties and through which it was determined that the rates of road safety in the regional and local network have improved markedly, exceeding the existing network in the state.

various lines of action are suggested:
1. infrastructure improvements, identifying and treating the "black spots" annually.
2. Road Safety Audits.
3. Citizen communication campaigns and positive community action or targeting specific risk groups.

In the area of ​​infrastructural security measures is presented document Vyodeal 23 "Recommendations for improving road safety" and three papers on specific points of interest for security, Document Vyodeal 21 "Managing road safety in polygons Recommendations for improving safety on cruises "presented at the session VI and document Vyodeal 20" Recommendations on containment of local roads ", four documents pointing and identify problems, criteria and guidelines" and the document Vyodeal 22 presents " performance of great interest to the engineer of roads and works.

The Finnish experience distribution of powers between the various public authorities was analyzed in detail. Then, and through the presentation of interesting cases, it addressed the most relevant design practices and conservation of secondary networks implemented in the country with emphasis on specific accessibility issues of climate and forest traffic. He also presented the findings of two strategic documents prepared by the Finnish Ministry of Transport and Communications:

1 Guidelines for the secondary network
2. Report on the basic level of service in terms of mobility and transport and rail road system

The experience of Portugal, enriched the debate with the presentation of the objectives of the National Plan of Highways of Portugal, and the definition of the different levels of service offered by the road category. also it emphasized the description of levels of accessibility of its secondary network and the presentation of the basic criteria and recommendations for municipal network (coherence, effectiveness and planning)

In Germany the distribution of powers between the Federal Government and the various federal states and the financial perspectives of the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan were presented.

José María de Ureña French
Director of the School of Civil Engineering, Channels and Ports of the University of Castilla-La Mancha
General rapporteur XVII Vyodeal

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